美国阿拉斯加州现在发达吗

时间:2024-06-20 08:50:54 来源: 编辑:

  美国的美国阿拉斯加州有相当的一部分位于北极圈内,分为西南区、阿拉极北区、斯加内陆区、州现中南区、发达东南区。美国很多人会有所疑问美国阿拉斯加州现在发达吗?阿拉跟着出国留学网来一起了解一下吧,欢迎阅读。斯加

  阿拉斯加州留学及移民详情

  答案是州现:不发达。原因有二,发达其一,美国自然气候太过恶劣。阿拉阿拉斯加州有相当一部分在北极圈内,斯加此区域半年白天半年黑夜,州现不利于工作和生活;温度常年也在零度以下,发达自然资源(石油和林业为主)虽然丰富但制造业以及其他比较关键的比如粮食产业都很不发达。州政府的战略定位是“能源开采,运输,以及航海”,所以更多的人在这里并不是生活,而是为政府和国家做贡献。其二,距离美国本土十分遥远。从地缘政治角度出发,美国联邦政府并不希望阿拉斯加拥有太多人口,不利于联邦权威的“管理”。阿拉斯加虽然是美国的一部分,但是距离美国本土十分遥远。在阿拉斯加的美国居民有相当一部分是印第安人,白人占大多数但是基本上都不是常住人口。

  一、阿拉斯加州纵览

  • Located in the north-west of North America; borders with Canada to the east and Arctic and Pacific Oceans to north, west and south

  • Capital is Juneau and largest city is Anchorage

  • During winter, there is no daylight for 64 days in Barrow, in the far north of the state

  • State capital Juneau has no road connections – it is accessed by plane or boat

  • Alaska has three million lakes (all larger than 20 acres)

  • The coldest temperature ever officially recorded in the US was -80°F (-62°C) in northern Alaska in 1971

  • There are more bald eagles in Alaska than in the rest of the US combined

  • The main mode of private transportation in Alaska is small plane

  • All three species of North American bears – Polar, Black and Grizzly – live in Alaska

  •位于北美西北部与加拿大的东部、北极和太平洋的北部、西部和南部接壤

  •首都是朱诺,最大的城市是安克雷奇

  •冬天的时候,在州北部的巴罗,64天没有阳光

  •州首都朱诺没有道路连接——它是通过飞机或船只进入的

  •阿拉斯加有300万个湖泊(均大于20英亩)

  •美国有史以来最冷温度的官方记录是-80°F(-62°C)于1971年在阿拉斯加北部出现

  •阿拉斯加的秃鹰数量比美国其他地区的总和还多

  •阿拉斯加私人交通的主要模式是小型飞机

  •所有三种北美熊——极地、黑色和灰熊——生活在阿拉斯加

  二、气候条件

  Hidden away at the north-west corner of the North American continent, thousands of miles from the other US states and a stone’s throw from Siberia, Alaska is a huge, ice-blasted hinterland.A sub-arctic state stretching up towards the North Pole, Alaska is so big that it actually reaches over into the Eastern Hemisphere, making it technically the US’s most northern, western and eastern state. It’s also the largest US state by area (more than twice the size of even Texas), the third smallest by population and the least densely populated.Though this huge land-mass is only partially inhabited and contains huge swathes of icy wilderness, it does have its pockets of civilization, of which the largest is Anchorage.

  Other notable cities include Fairbanks, Nome, Bethel, Valdez and state capital Juneau. However, even in a relatively built-up area, it would be impossible to live in Alaska without embracing the natural elements and features which are such a huge part of the state’s make-up – and ‘huge’ is putting it mildly.The state is home to North America’s tallest peak, Mt McKinley, three million lakes (that’s not a typo), more than 40 active volcanoes and more than 10,000 glaciers – including one larger than the entire state of Rhode Island.In the north of the state, where things get really extreme, there’s no daylight for a significant portion of the year, and the coldest temperature ever recorded was a glacial -62°C.

  阿拉斯加位于北美大陆的西北角,距美国其他州数千英里,是一个巨大的、被冰覆盖的内陆地区。阿拉斯加是一个延伸到北极的亚北极国家,它是如此之大,以至于它实际上延伸到了东半球,从技术上来说,它是美国最北部、西部和东部的州。它也是美国面积最大的州(面积是德克萨斯州的两倍多),是人口的第三小,人口密度最小的州。虽然这片巨大的土地只是部分有人居住并拥有大片冰冷的荒野,但它确实有自己的文明,其中最大的就是安克雷奇。其他著名的城市有费尔班克斯、诺姆、伯特利、瓦尔迪兹和州首都朱诺。然而,即使是在一个相对建成区,阿拉斯加也不可能不接受自然元素和特征,而这些自然元素和特征是该州构成的巨大组成部分——而且“巨大”是温和的。该州是北美最高的山峰,麦金利山,300万湖(这不是一个错字),超过40座活火山和超过10,000个冰川——包括一个比整个罗德岛州还要大的冰川。在该州的北部的一些城市,事情变得很极端,很大一部分的城市没有日光,有史以来最冷的温度是冰川-62°C。

  三、阿拉斯加州的顶尖大学

  The University of Alaska (UA) system has its largest campuses in Anchorage, Fairbanks and Juneau, but there are smaller campuses around the state.Total enrolment in the UA system is around 35,000, including both full-time and part-time students. The largest campus by enrolment is UA Anchorage. Here, the most popular majors are in nursing, education, business administration, human services, accounting, psychology and aviation technology.

  阿拉斯加大学的校区在安克雷奇、费尔班克斯和朱诺都有最大的分校,但该州周围的校园规模较小。阿拉斯加大学系统的注册人数约为3.5万人,包括全日制和非全日制学生。报名人数最多的校园是阿拉斯加大学锚地校区。在这里,最受欢迎的专业是护理、教育、工商管理、人力服务、会计、心理学和航空技术。

  以上内容由出国留学网www.liuxue86.com独家翻译,版权归出国留学网所有,未经出国留学网授权许可,任何公司任何人不得转载,违者必追究法律责任!

  

copyright © 2023 powered by sitemap 沪ICP备2023025243号-117